Dr Manuel Abreu: Simple Ways to Bolster Your Defense Against Cataracts

A cataract, the clouding of the eye’s natural lens, is a prevalent age-related condition that affects millions of people. When left untreated, cataracts can cause symptoms like glare, double vision, and even blindness.


Being proactive and adopting simple lifestyle changes can help minimize the risk of cataracts. Dr Manuel Abreu will discuss some of these effective strategies to prevent cataracts and maintain clear vision throughout your life.



Nourish Your Eyes with Antioxidant-rich Foods


One of the most effective ways to reduce your risk of cataracts is to consume a diverse mix of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nuts, all packed with antioxidants. Essential nutrients like vitamins C and E, carotenoids such as lutein and zeaxanthin, and omega-3 fatty acids support healthy eyes.



Eat A Rainbow


Dr Manuel Abreu recommends that you fill your plate with fruits and vegetables of various colors: leafy greens, yellow and orange bell peppers, tomatoes, carrots, berries, and citrus fruits offer antioxidants that may protect against cataracts.



Don’t Skimp On The Fish


Cold-water fish such as salmon, tuna, sardines, and mackerel are excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids. Studies suggest consuming fish regularly may reduce cataract risk and promote overall eye health.



Defend Your Eyes With Adequate Sun Protection


Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun can contribute to cataract development. Wearing sunglasses and wide-brimmed hats will block the damaging rays and help prevent cataracts.



Choose The Right Sunglasses


When selecting sunglasses, opt for a pair that provides 100% UVA and UVB protection. Wrap-around sunglasses can offer additional coverage by limiting sun exposure from the peripheries.



Stub Out The Cigarettes


Smoking can significantly increase the risk of developing cataracts. Toxins from cigarette smoke can cause oxidative stress that might lead to the formation of cataracts.



Quit Smoking for Clearer Vision


Quitting smoking can have a noticeable impact on your overall eye health, including a lower risk of cataract development. Seek help from your healthcare provider or smoking cessation programs for support on your journey to become smoke-free.



Maintain a Healthy Weight and Exercise Regularly


Obesity has been linked to an increased risk of cataracts. Shedding excess weight through healthy diet choices and regular exercise can help decrease the likelihood of developing cataracts.



Embrace an Active Lifestyle


Engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise a week. Activities such as walking, swimming, cycling, or group fitness classes can help maintain a healthy weight and support overall well-being.



Control Diabetes and Keep Blood Sugar Levels Stable


Diabetics have a higher risk of developing cataracts. Keeping blood sugar levels within the target range can decrease the risk of cataract formation and other vision-related complications.



Stick to Your Treatment Plan


Consult with your diabetes healthcare team to establish optimal blood sugar levels. Adherence to medications, self-monitoring of blood sugar, and regular check-ups will optimize diabetes management.



Annual Eye Examinations: Catch It Early


While cataracts might not be entirely preventable, Dr Manuel Abreu believes that early detection and intervention are crucial in slowing progression and preserving vision.



Schedule Regular Eye Exams


Adults over 40 should schedule a comprehensive eye exam at least once every two years or more frequently if directed by an eye care professional. By spotting early signs of cataracts, your eye care professional can help create an action plan to minimize the condition’s impact on your vision.